Instructor: Assistant Professor George Skiadopoulos Course: Financial Derivatives
Duration: 30 hours 3 hours lecture, once a week (18:0021:00). Objective This course aims to make students familiar with the financial derivatives; particular attention will be paid to pricing and hedging issues. Index futures and swaps will be analysed. Static and dynamic hedging techniques shall be discussed, and the BlackScholes and the binomial model will be presented. Monte Carlo simulation shall be explained. Alternative to BlackScholes models will be presented as well as options on futures and currencies. Audience The course is designed for those who aim to participate (or already participating) in the Greek and international derivatives markets as traders, research analysts, or fund managers. It will also be helpful to prospective doctoral students. Preliminaries The course does not assume prior knowledge of derivatives instruments. It will start from basic concepts and it will move fast to more advanced. Use of mathematics will be done when necessary, but they will be explained thoroughly. It is desirable that students be familiar with basic finance, and calculus/ statistics concepts (e.g. Present Value, arbitrage, types of interest rates, partial derivatives, probability distribution, expected value, variance). Examination Students will be marked according to their performance on the group assignments (GA), and on a three hours final exam (FE). The group assignments will contribute to the 15% of the final mark (FM), provided that the mark in the final exam is greater than five (5). Hence, FM=15%×GA + 85% x FE The group assignments will cover all the taught sections. Their purpose is to facilitate the students understand the lectures. Some of the exercises will be implemented in Excel, while the multiple choice questions will be similar to those set in the final exam. The evaluation process has been designed so that to reward the hard workers and penalize the free riders. Note: Students are urged to read the chapters listed on the next page before each class. Further readings will be assigned from time to time. Students are also urged to learn a spreadsheet program such as Microsoft Excel. Bibliography The Lecture’s notes will be distributed. These draw on material from the course textbooks and the recommended references. Course Outline The course will cover the following Sections: Section 1: Index Futures. [3 hours] Section 2: Swaps. [2 hours] Section 3: Introduction to Options. [3 hours] Section 4: Price Factors & Arbitrage Bounds [2 hours] Section 5: Binomial Trees. [3 hours] Section 6: The BlackScholes model. [3 hours] Section 7: Risk Management and Dynamic Hedging. [4 hours] Section 8: Mathematical Approaches to Option Pricing. [2 hours] Section 9: Index, Currency and Futures Options. [3 hours] Section 10: Monte Carlo Simulation. [3 hours] Section 11: Alternative Models to BlackScholes. [2 hours] Course Textbook Hull, J. (2008). Options, Futures and other Derivatives, Prentice Hall, 7th Edition. Recommended References General Other textbooks Rubinstein M. (1999). Derivatives: A PowerPlus Picture Book. Volume 1: Futures, Options and Dynamic Strategies (see also Web site of Berkeley’s University). Numerical Methods: Clewlow, L. and Strickland, C. (1998). Implementing Derivatives Models, John Wiley Wilmott, P (2001). Paul Wilmott Introduces Quantitative Finance, John Wiley Mathematical Approaches to Option Pricing Dothan, M.(1990). Prices in Financial Markets, Oxford University Press. Oksendal, B. (1991). Stochastic Differential Equations, 3^{rd} Edition, Springer Verlag Neftci, S. (2000). An Introduction to the Mathematics of Financial Derivatives, 2^{nd} Edition, Academic Press. BlackScholes Model Black, F., and Scholes, M. (1973). “The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities”, Journal of Political Economy 81, pp. 637654. Merton, R. C. (1974). “The Pricing of Corporate Debt: The Risk Structure of Interest Rates”, Journal of Finance, 29, pp. 44970. Options and Risk Management Connolly, K. (1997). Buying and Selling Volatility, Wiley Editions. Natenberg, S. (1994). Option Volatility & Pricing: Advanced Trading Strategies and Techniques, Irwin Professional Publishing. Psychoyios, D., and Skiadopoulos, G. (2006): “Volatility Options: Hedging Effectiveness, Pricing, and Model Error”, Journal of Futures Markets, 26, pp. 131 Binomial Trees Chriss, N. (1997). Black Scholes and Beyond, McGrawHill. Cox, J., Ross, S., and Rubinstein, M. (1979). "Option Pricing: A Simplified Approach", Journal of Financial Economics, 7, pp. 229264. Hull, J. and A. White (1988) “The use of Control Variate Technique in Option Pricing”, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, 23, pp. 23751. Mathematical Approaches to Option Pricing Dothan, M. (1990). Prices in Financial Markets, Oxford University Press. Oksendal, B. (1991). Stochastic Differential Equations, 3^{rd} Edition, Springer Verlag Neftci, S. (2000). An Introduction to the Mathematics of Financial Derivatives, 2^{nd} Edition, Academic Press. Options on Stock Indices, Currencies and Futures Black, F., and Scholes, M. (1973). “The Pricing of Options and Corporate Liabilities”, Journal of Political Economy 81, pp. 637654. Black, F. (1976). “The Pricing of Commodity Contracts”, Journal of Financial Economics, 3, pp. 16779. Garman, B and Kohlhagen, S. (1983). “Foreign Currency Option Values”, Journal of International Money and Finance, 2, pp. 231237. Merton, R. (1973). “Theory of Rational Option Pricing”, Bell Journal of Economics and Management Science, 4, pp. 141183. Monte Carlo Simulation Boyle, P. (1977). “Options: a Monte Carlo approach”. Journal of Financial Economics, 4, pp. 323338. Boyle, P., Broadie, and Glasserman (1997). “Monte Carlo Methods for Security Pricing”, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control 21, pp. 12671321. Campbell, J., Lo, A. and MacKinlay, A (1997). The Econometrics of Financial Markets, Princeton University Press. Kritzman, M. (1993). “…About Monte Carlo Simulation”, Financial Analysts Journal 49, 6, pp. 1720. Paskov, S. and Traub, J. (1995). “Faster Valuation of Financial Derivatives”, Journal of Portfolio Management, pp. 11320. Vose, D. (1997). Quantitative Risk Analysis: A Guide to Monte Carlo Simulation Modeling. John Wiley. Alternatives to Black Scholes Derman, E. and Kani, I. (1994), “Riding on a smile”, Risk 7, pp. 3239. Hull, J. and White, A. (1987). “The Pricing of Options on Assets with Stochastic Volatilities”, Journal of Finance, 42, pp. 281300. Merton, R. (1976). “Option Pricing when Underlying Stock Returns are Discontinuous”, Journal of Financial Economics, 3, pp. 125144. Ledoit, O. and SantaClara, P. (1998), “Relative Pricing of Options with Stochastic Volatility, Working Paper, University of California, Los Angeles. Panigirtzoglou, Ν., and Skiadopoulos, G. (2004): “A New Approach to Modeling the Dynamics of Implied Distributions: Theory and Evidence from the S&P 500 Options”, Journal of Banking and Finance, 28:7, pp. 14991520. Skiadopoulos, G. (2001): “Volatility Smile Consistent Option Models: A Survey”, International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance 4:3, pp. 403437. Skiadopoulos, G., and Hodges, S. (2001): "Simulating the Evolution of the Implied Distribution", European Financial Management Journal, 7:4, pp. 497521. Psychogios, D., Skiadopoulos, G., and Alexakis, P. (2003): “A Review of Stochastic Volatility Processes: Properties and Implications”, Journal of Risk Finance 4:3, pp. 43 – 60.
